Thursday, April 10, 2014

Júcar River Basin District, Spain

Abstract from the document:

The Júcar River Basin District (RBD) has an irregular hydrology characteristic of Mediterranean basins. Drought and flood episodes are highly common within its territory, even during the same year, and the balance between water supply and demand is very fragile. Agricultural water demand accounts for nearly 80% of water demand. In general, agricultural demand appears to be stable or decreasing, whereas urban/industrial demand is forecasted to rise. Moreover, in the Valencia coastal plain, between the mouths of rivers Jucar and Turia, there is a shallow lake called Albufera, with an associated wetland. Both the lake and the wetland depend on return flows from irrigation areas in both basins, and also on groundwater flows from the coastal aquifer beneath the plain.